Will of John DAVENETT of Oxford
Will undated Commission 21 Oct 1622 (see Note)
Commission 21 Oct 1622 to Robert Davenett and Jane Hallom als Davenett, children of the deceased, to administer his goods etc according to his Will, no Executor having been named ...
|Transcriber's and Editor's Notes|
Buried 19 Apr 1622 at St Martin’s at Carfax.|
The surname was much more usually given as DAVENANT -- perhaps the PCC clerk got it wrong here.
The "Commission" was because he named no Executor, and would probably have been followed by a more official Bond of Administration with more detail of what Robert and Jane had to do, and penalties if they didn't.
The will is complicated and "stream of consciousness" -- presumably he was both busy and in pain -- so though the writing is mostly clear enough the meaning is not always so. Users with a particular interest should study the full transcript and make up their own minds.
He often uses the phrase "comes out of his years". It could mean "reaches 21" but probably means "the end of his apprenticeship".
He was Mayor of Oxford, dying during his year of office.
He kept the Salutation Tavern (later Crown Tavern) at 3 Cornmarket, and was a friend of Shakespeare.
Eldest daughter Jane did marry Thomas Hallom, very soon after her father's death.
Son William did not obey his father's wishes but went to London and wrote plays, later becoming Poet Laureate and being knighted -- there were rumours that he was Shakespeare’s son ...
It seems likely that "George" is another, more junior, apprentice.
No witnesses are listed in this clerk's copy.
Translated and paragraphed.|
with some of the standard preamble and "legalese" removed.
Go to Glossary
John Davenett late Mayor of the City of Oxford.|
It hath pleased god to afflict me these four months rather with a pain than a sickness ... my pains daily increasing ... considering my many children and the mother dead who would guide them ... [I make my will] ...
As transcribed from a copy of the original document.|
Original line- and page-breaks are preserved as far as possible.
T: Joh'is Davenett nup' Maioris Civi't's Oxon def'|
It hathe pleased god to afflict me these 4
moneths rather with a paine then a sickenes, w'ch I acknowledge a gentle Correction
for my former sinnes in having soe a faire a time to repent, my paines rather daily encrea=
sing then otherwise And for soe much as many wise men are suddenly overtaken by death
by procrastinateing of their matters Concerning the settling of their estates, I thincke
it fitt though mine be of noe great value) Considering the many Children I have
and the mother dead w'ch would guide them, as well for the quietnes of my owne mind when
I shall depart this life, as to settle a future amity and love among them that there may be
noe strife in the division of those blessings w'ch God hath lent me) to set downe my mind in the
nature of my laste will and testament both for the disposeing of the same, as also how I would
have them order themselves after my decease Till it shall please god to order and direct them
to other Courses ffirst I Committ my soule to almighty god hopeing by my Redeemer Christ
Jesus to have remission of my sinnes my body I Committ to the earth to be buryed in the p'ish
of St Martin’s in Oxford as nere my wife as the plan will give leave where shee lyeth
ffor my ffuneralls and obsequies (if I dye in the yeare of my marolty) I desire should be in
comely manner, neither affecting pomp nor to much sparing leaveing the same to my
executors discretion whom I name to be as followeth hartily desiring the five following
whom I name to be my Overseers to take paines not only in that but also in any other
matter of advice to my Children concerning the setling of their estates w'ch five are
these: Alderman Harris Alderman Wright Mr John Bird Mr William Gryer Mr Thomas
Davis. Item I will that my debts be paid by my Executors w'ch I owe either by
bond bill or booke, w'ch I have made w'thin the Compasse of this 2 yeares Item I give
and bequeath unto my 3 daughters Elizabeth Jane and Alice two hundred pound a
peece to be payed out of my estate within one yeare after my buriall Item I give to
my 4 sonnes one hundred ffiftie pound apiece to be payd them w'thin a yeare after
my buriall Item I give to my sonne Nicholas my house at the White beare? in Dettford
w'ch is let to Mr Haines Schoolmaster of Marchant tailers schoole. Item I give
to my sonne Robert my seale Ring Item my Will is that my household stuffe and plate
be sold to the best value within the Compasse of a yeare excepting such necessaryes
as my Executors and Overseers shall thinck fitt for the furnishing of my house, to
goe towarde the payment of my Childrens portions Item my will is that my house
shalbe kept still as a Taverne, and supplied with wines continually for the bringing
up and entertainment of my Children untill such time as Thomas Hallom my servant
Comes out of his yeares and the yearly profitt thereof (necessary expence of Rent
reparac'on and housekeeping being deducted) to retorne at the time of his Comeing forth
of his yeares to my seven Children in equall portions together w'th the stocke in the
seller and debts or to the survivors, if any happen to dye in the meane time. And that
this may be the better effected according to my Will and intent, I will that my servant
Thomas have the managing thereof duringe his apprentishipp and that he shall give
a true account of his dealing unto my Executors and Overseers 4 times in the yeare
Also that George be kept here still in the house till his yeares come forth at w'ch time
my Will is that he be made free of the Marchant tailers in London & have ffive pound
given him when he Comes out of his yeares And to the intent that this my devise
of keeping my house as Taverne for the better releefe of my Children may take?
the better affect according to my meaning. In Considerac'on that my 3 daughters being
maidens Can hardly rule a thing of such consequence, my will is that my sister Hatton
if it stand with her good liking) may Come w'th her youngest sonne and lye and table
at my house w'th my Children till Thomas Hallom comes out of his yeares for
the better comfort and countenancing of my 3 daughters and to have her said dyett
free and five pound a yeare in money, knowing her to have bin alwaies to me and my
wife loving iust and kind Alsoe my Will is that twoe of my youngest daughters doe
keepe the barre by turnes and sett downe every night under her hand the daye’s taking
in the veiwe? of Thomas Hallom my servant and that this booke be orderly kept
for soe long time as they shall thus sustaine the house as a Taverne (that if need be)
for avoyding of deceits and distrust there may be a Calculation made of the receites
and disbursements Now if any of my daughters marry w'th the Consent of my
Overseers that her porcion be presently paid her and shee that remaineth
longest in the house either to have her porcion when Thomas Hollom Comes out
of his yeares or if he and shee can fancy one an other, my Will is that they marry
together and her porcion to be divided by itselfe towarde the maintenance of the
trade and the one halfe of my 2 youngeste sonnes stocke shalbe in his the said Thomas
his hande payeinge or allowing after twenty nobles p[er] hundred giving my said
2 sonnes or my Overseers security sufficient for the same to be paid at their cominge to 21 yeares
of age the other halfe to be putt forth for their best profitt by the advise of my Overseers
My will is also that my sonne William being now arrived to 16 yeares of age shall be put
to Prentice to some good marchant of London or other tradesman by the consent and advise
of my overseers and that there be fforty pound given w'th him to his M[aste]r whereof 20li
to be payd out of his owne stocke and 20li out of my goods and double apparrell, and that
this be done w'thin the compasse of 3 moneths after my death ffor avoyding of In=
convenience in my house for master shippe when I am gone, My Will is alsoe concerning
the remainder of the yeares in my lease of my house the taverne, that if Thomas and
any of my daughters doe marry together, that he and she shall enioy the remainder of
the yeares be it 5 or 6 more or lesse after he comes out of his yeares, paying to my sonn
Robert over and above the rent to Mr Huffs yearley soe much as they 2 shall agree
uppon my Overseers being umpires betwixt them, whereof the cheefest in this office
I wish to be my frend Mr Grier provided alwaies my meaning is that neither the
gallery, nor Chambers, or that floore nor Cockelofts over nor kitchin, nor Lorther? nor
little sellar be any part of the thing demised but those to remaine to the use of my
sonne Robert if he should leave the universitie, to entertaine his sisters if they should
marry &c yet both to have passage in the woodyard garden and house of office
My will is alsoe that my sonne Robert shall not make nor meddle w'th selling or trusting
of wyne nor with any thing in the house but have entertanement as a brother for
meale tydes and the like or to take Phisicke in sicknes. Or if he should Call for Wine
and the like w'th his friends and acquaintance that he presently pay for it or be sett downe
uppon his name to answeare the same out of his part my meaning being that the governe=
ment shall consist in my 3 daughters and in my servant Thomas whom I have alwaies
found faithfull unto me, and to reward his vertue the better and putt him into more
encouragement I give him twenty pound to be payd him when he Comes out of his
yeares. Alsoe my will is that my sonne Robert for his better allowance in the uni=
versity, have quarterly paid him ffifty shillings and twenty shillings to buy him
necessaryes out of the provenew? of the profitt of wyne till Tho: Comes out of his
yeares besides the allowance of the interest of his stocke and in the meanetime yf he
dy before he goes out bacheler, his reasonable apparrell and expence of that degree
to be payd out of my goods, provided alwaies if it be done w'th the advise of Mr T___
My will is that Nic: be kept at Schoole at Bourton till he be 15 years old, and his
board and apparrell to be payd for out of the profit of selling of the Wyne, and for John
my Will is he be kept halfe an yeare at Schoole if my overseers thinke good and his
brothers and sisters, and after put to prentice and have thirty pound given w'th him xli
out of his owne stocke and twenty pound out of the p'fitt of selling of wyne Alsoe my
will is that w'thin 24 houres after my funerall the wynes of all sortes and Condic'ons be
filled up, and reckon how many tunnes of Gascoyne wyne there is w'ch I would have
rated at twenty five pound p[er] tunne, and how many Butts and pipes of sweet wynes
there are which I would have rated at twentie pound p[er] ceece? both w'ch drawne into
a sum'e are to to be sett downe in a booke Alsoe the nexte day after Schedules of the
debts w'ch are owing me in the debt booke, the sperate by them selves and the despe=
rate by them seles [sic], them alsoe sett downe, the ordinary plate to drincke in the taverne
to be wayed and valued, the bonds and Bills in my Study to be looked over and sett
downe, In all w'ch use? the opinion of Mr Gryer. / accompt w'th any marchant that I dealt?
w'thall betimes, and aske? my debts w'th as much speede as may be, Lastly take an Inven=
tory of all the utensells in my house and let them be praysed in that use the advise of
my Overseers and what money shalbe in Caishe, more then shalbe needfull for the p'sent
to pay my debts or buy wyne w'th let it be putt foorth to the best advantage.
Vicesimo primo die mensis Octobris Anno Domini Millesimo
sexcentesimo vicesimo secundo emanavit Commissio Roberto Davenett et Janae Hallom als Davenett liberis
dicti defuncti Ad administrando bona iura et Credita dicti defuncti iuxta tenorem et effectum testamenti
sive ultime voluntatis predict' defunct' eo quod nullum ____ in eodem nominaverit executorem de
bene &c vigori Com'issionis als? in ea p'te emanat Jurat